Primary care clinicians provide much of the mental health care for children and adolescents, but they usually don’t have the training to manage severe or complicated cases. The states of Massachusetts, Washington, New York, and Ohio now use systems by which university child psychiatrists can offer telephone or videoconferencing consultation, backed up by in-person evaluations when needed. The child psychiatrists also offer educational seminars for the primary care doctors and nurses in their states.
Both the consultation and educational services were developed to help ease the nationwide shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists.
Read more about these vital academic partnerships in Psychiatric Services at http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/62/8/827 and in Psychiatric News at http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/content/46/3/10.2.full.