“The mental health of children who have been forcibly displaced is of particular concern because of their experiences of insecurity at a formative state of child development,” the authors emphasize. They call for further research on specific groups of children, including ex-combatants, children who have been the victims of traffiking, children with uncertain immigration status, and refugees returning (voluntarily or involuntarily) to their home country. The early-life adversity that refugee children experience may affect them even at the level of their DNA.
For more information about the consequences of childhood maltreatment and exposure to violence, read Psychiatric News at http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/content/46/13/1.1.full. In addition see the book PTSD in Children and Adolsescents, which is available from American Psychiatric Publishing at http://www.appi.org/SearchCenter/Pages/SearchDetail.aspx?ItemId=62026.