The study, by Benedetto Vitiello, M.D., of the National Institute of Mental Health, and colleagues, appeared in AJP in Advance on September 2. Once the 14-month study was over, patients were free to use any treatment or none at all. The increase in heart rate observed several years later was likely attributable to patients who continued to take the drugs.
There were no cardiac-related illnesses or death, said the researchers, but they recommended that children with any underlying heart abnormalities should be monitored closely for cardiovascular problems. For more information, see Psychiatric News at http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/content/46/15/24.2.full.