Their findings were not encouraging. Only five studies of on-the-job supports met inclusion criteria. All were small and of “poor” quality, meaning that little weight could be given to any reported improvements to quality of life, autism symptoms, or cognitive functioning, wrote lead author Julie Taylor, Ph.D., and colleagues online August 27 in Pediatrics. “Individual studies suggest that vocational programs may increase employment success for some,” they noted. “Research to quantify the degree to which these interventions are effective, under what specific circumstances, and for which individuals with [autism spectrum disorders] is critical for the growing number of adolescents and young adults with [these disorders] who are approaching the transition to adulthood.”
To read more about research in autism treatment, see Psychiatric News here and here.