The researchers found that annualized death rates were 4.6-fold higher for women and 1.9-fold higher for men, compared with the age- and sex-matched general population of the region. Moreover, for both men and women, alcoholism appeared to contribute more to early death than other prominent factors, including smoking. Other findings were that having participated in inpatient alcohol dependence treatment was not related to longer survival and that poor self-rated health predicted mortality. An abstract of the study is posted here.
To read about a potential biomarker for alcohol dependence, see Psychiatric News here. For a review of options for treating alcohol disorders, see Clinical Manual for Treatment of Alcoholism and Addictions from American Psychiatric Publishing.